Simultaneous Transit and Pyramid Alignments: Were the Egyptians’ Errors in Their Stars or in Themselves?

In a 2000 paper in the journal Nature, Kate Spence captured the imagination of the Egyptological world by using the circumpolar stars to calculate the date upon which the Great Pyramid was commenced and showing how the Egyptians might have used those stars to align the pyramids of the Old Kingdom with due north. It has been nearly fifteen years since Spence published her theory. How well has it held up?

In this paper, I take a look at the evidence available, both old and new, in an effort to determine whether the Egyptians could have used the simultaneous transit of stars in the Little and Big Dipper to align the pyramids as Spence proposed.

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Simultaneous Transit 01

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